common law

a) Law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals (also called case law), as distinguished from legislative statutes or regulations promulgated by the executive branch.
b) typically in the phrase "common law system" a legal system that gives great precedential weight to common law (in sense 1), as opposed to a civil law, Islamic law, and Soviet law systems.

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  • common law — n: a body of law that is based on custom and general principles and embodied in case law and that serves as precedent or is applied to situations not covered by statute the common law of torts: as a: the body of law that was first developed in… …   Law dictionary

  • common–law — adj 1: of, relating to, or based on the common law common law immunity 2: relating to or based on a common law marriage her common law husband Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webste …   Law dictionary

  • common law — As distinguished from statutory law created by the enactment of legislatures, the common law comprises the body of those principles and rules of action, relating to the government and security of persons and property, which derive their authority …   Black's law dictionary

  • Common Law —     Common Law     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Common Law     (Lat. communis, general, of general application; lex, law)     The term is of English origin and is used to describe the juridical principles and general rules regulating the possession …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Common law — Common Com mon, a. [Compar. {Commoner}; superl. {Commonest}.] [OE. commun, comon, OF. comun, F. commun, fr. L. communis; com + munis ready to be of service; cf. Skr. mi to make fast, set up, build, Goth. gamains common, G. gemein, and E. mean low …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Common Law — Systèmes juridiques (Tous) Common law …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Common law — Law Law (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Common Law —   [ kɔmən lɔː, englisch] das, , gemeines Recht, das von den königlichen Richtern seit dem 12. und 13. Jahrhundert über spezielle Klageformen (»writs«) geschaffene Recht, das in den drei Londoner Zentralgerichten (King s Bench, Common Pleas,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • common law — ➔ law * * * common law UK US noun [U] ► LAW a system of laws based on customs and court decisions rather than on written laws made by a parliament. Common law forms the basis of the legal system in the UK, US, and various other countries: »There… …   Financial and business terms

  • common law — common law1 noun uncount the system of law that has developed from customs and judges decisions instead of from laws made by politicians. The set of laws made by politicians is called statute law. common law ,common law 2 adjective 1. ) according …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • common-law — adj [only before noun] 1.) common law marriage/husband/wife a relationship that is considered to be a marriage because the man and woman have lived together for a long time 2.) according to or related to common law common law rules/courts/rights… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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