aldonic acid

Any of a class of polyhydroxy carboxylic acids derived from an aldose by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group.

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  • Aldonic acid — An aldonic acid is any of a family of sugar acids obtained by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group of an aldoses to form a carboxylic acid functional group. Thus, their general chemical formula is HOOC (CHOH)n CH2OH. Oxidation of the… …   Wikipedia

  • aldonic acid — aldono rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Aldozės oksidacijos produktas. formulė Formulę žr. priede. priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. aldonic acid; onic acid rus. альдоновая кислота; овая кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • aldonic acid — al·don·ic acid (.)al .dän ik n any of a class of acids (as gluconic acid) formed from aldoses (as glucose) by oxidizing the aldehyde group to a carboxyl group * * * al·don·ic ac·id (al donґik) a carboxylic acid resulting from oxidation of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • aldonic acid — (ˈ)al|dänik noun Etymology: ald + onic : any of a class of acids (as gluconic acid) formed from aldoses (as glucose) by oxidizing the aldehyde group to a carboxyl group …   Useful english dictionary

  • aldonic acids — Monosaccharide derivatives in which the aldehyde group has been oxidized to a carboxyl group. They may form lactones ( e.g., galactonic acid). SYN: glyconic acids …   Medical dictionary

  • hexonic acid — The aldonic acid obtained on the oxidation of the aldehyde group of an aldohexose to a carboxylic acid ( e.g., gluconic acid from glucose). * * * hex·on·ic ac·id (hek sonґik) an aldonic acid formed specifically from an aldohexose, e.g., gluconic… …   Medical dictionary

  • aldobionic acid — |al(ˌ)dōˌbī|änik noun Etymology: blend of aldonic and bi (two) : an aldonic acid (as lactobionic acid) formed by simple oxidation of a reducing disaccharide (as lactose) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aldaric acid — is a group of sugar acids characterised by the formula HOOC (CHOH)n COOH. Aldaric acids are usually synthesized by the oxidation of aldoses with nitric acid. In this reaction it is the open chain (polyhydroxyaldehyde) form of the sugar that… …   Wikipedia

  • Uronic acid — A uronic acid is a sugar acid with both a carbonyl and a carboxylic acid function. It is best thought of as a sugar in which the terminal carbon s hydroxyl function has been oxidized to a carboxylic acid. (Oxidation of the terminal aldehyde… …   Wikipedia

  • Sugar acid — Sugar acids are monosaccharides that have had an OH group oxidized to a carboxyl group.Main classes of sugar acids include: * Aldonic acids, in which the aldehyde functional group of an aldose is oxidized * Uronic acids, in which the terminal… …   Wikipedia

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