An ancient translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, undertaken by Jews resident in Alexandria for the benefit of Jews who had forgotten their Hebrew (well before the birth of Jesus); abbreviated as LXX. The LXX is the untranslated standard version of the Old Testament for the Greek Orthodox Church, but not for the Western Church, which since Jerome, has adhered to the Masoretic text. In the original Greek New Testament, when Jesus quotes the Old Testament, he is made to quote the LXX, which tends to disagree with the Masoretic text.

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  • Septuagint — Sep tu*a*gint, n. [From L. septuaginta seventy.] A Greek version of the Old Testament; so called because it was believed to be the work of seventy (or rather of seventy two) translators. [1913 Webster] Note: The causes which produced it [the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SEPTUAGINT — SEPTUAGINT, the oldest Greek translation of the Bible. The designation Septuagint, from the Latin septuaginta, seventy, is based on the legend contained in the apocryphal letter of aristeas , according to which 72 elders of Israel, six from each… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Septuagint — (n.) Greek version of the Old Testament, 1633, from L.L. septuaginta interpretes seventy interpreters, from L. septuaginta seventy, from septem seven + ginta tens. So called in reference to the (false) tradition that the translation was done 3c.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Septuagint — ► NOUN ▪ a Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament), including the Apocrypha, produced in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC. ORIGIN from Latin septuaginta seventy , because of the tradition that it was produced by seventy two translators… …   English terms dictionary

  • Septuagint — [sep′to͞o ə jint, sep′tyo͞oə jint] n. [< L septuaginta, seventy: because of the ancient tradition that it was completed in 70 (or 72) days by 72 Palestinian Jews for Ptolemy II of Egypt] a translation into Greek of the Hebrew Scriptures made… …   English World dictionary

  • Septuagint — The Septuagint (, Josephus [Antiquities 12.57, 12.86] , or an elision. ...this name Septuagint appears to have been a fourth to fifth century development. ] means seventy in Latin and derives from a tradition that seventy (or seventy two) Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Septuagint — Septuagintal, adj. /sep tooh euh jint , tyooh , sep chooh /, n. the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament, traditionally said to have been translated by 70 or 72 Jewish scholars at the request of Ptolemy II: most scholars believe that only… …   Universalium

  • SEPTUAGINT —    a version, and the oldest of any known to us, of the Hebrew Scriptures in Greek, executed at Alexandria, in Egypt, by different translators at different periods, commencing with 280 B.C.; it is known as the Alexandria version, while the name… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Septuagint —    This term (from the Latin septuaginta, meaning seventy ) is the name given to the Greek translation of theHebrew Bible that was widely used among hellenized Jews at the time of Jesus. According to a popular legend, a group of seventy (or… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Septuagint — noun Etymology: Late Latin Septuaginta, from Latin, seventy, irregular from septem seven + ginta (akin to Latin viginti twenty); from the approximate number of its translators more at seven, vigesimal Date: 1633 a Greek version of the Jewish… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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