aminoglycoside

A molecule composed of a sugar group and an amino group, in some cases functioning as an antibiotic.

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  • Aminoglycoside — An aminoglycoside is a molecule composed of a sugar group and an amino group. [MeshName|Aminoglycosides] Several aminoglycosides function as antibiotics that are effective against certain types of bacteria. They include amikacin, gentamicin,… …   Wikipedia

  • Aminoglycoside — Aminoside Les aminosides ou aminoglycosides constituent une famille d antibiotiques actifs sur certains types de bactéries. Ils comprennent l amikacine, la gentamicine, la kanamycine, la néomycine, la nétilmicine, la paromomycine, la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aminoglycoside — /euh mee noh gluy keuh suyd , am euh noh /, Pharm. adj. 1. of or pertaining to amino sugars in glycosidic linkage. n. 2. any of a group of bacterial antibiotics having aminoglycoside structure. [AMINO + GLYCOSIDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • aminoglycoside —  ̷ ̷ ¦ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˌ noun ( s) Etymology: amin + glycoside : any of a group of antibiotics (as streptomycin and neomycin) that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis and are active especially against gram negative bacteria * * * /euh mee noh gluy keuh… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Aminoglycoside — Gentamicin, an bakterielles Ribosom gebunden Aminoglykosid Antibiotika, kurz Aminoglykoside, zählen zur Gruppe der Oligosaccharid Antibiotika, mit Kombinationen aus Aminozucker und Cyclohexan Bausteinen. Sie bilden eine große, noch immer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • aminoglycoside — Any one of a group of bacteriocidal antibiotics derived from species of Streptomyces or Micromonosporum and characterized by two or more amino sugars joined by a glycoside linkage to a central hexose; aminoglycosides act by causing misreading and …   Medical dictionary

  • aminoglycoside — ami·no·gly·co·side …   English syllables

  • Aminoglycoside N6'-acetyltransferase — In enzymology, an aminoglycoside N6 acetyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.82) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acetyl CoA + kanamycin B ightleftharpoons CoA + N6 acetylkanamycin BThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl… …   Wikipedia

  • Aminoglycoside N3'-acetyltransferase — In enzymology, an aminoglycoside N3 acetyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.81) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acetyl CoA + a 2 deoxystreptamine antibiotic ightleftharpoons CoA + N3 acetyl 2 deoxystreptamine antibioticThus, the two… …   Wikipedia

  • aminoglycoside antibiotics — (am ī no gli ko saīd) A group of antibiotics synthesized by Streptomyces and Micromonospora, which contain a cyclohexane ring and amino sugars; all aminoglycoside antibiotics bind to the small ribosomal subunit and inhibit protein synthesis …   Dictionary of microbiology


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