any lipid, such as lecithin or cephalin, consisting of a diglyceride combined with a phosphate group and a simple organic molecule such as choline or ethanolamine; they are important constituents of biological membranes

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  • phospholipid —  Phospholipid  Фосфолипид   Сложные липиды, эфиры (сложные) многоатомных спиртов и высших жирных кислот. Содержат остаток фосфорной кислоты и соединенную с ней добавочную группу атомов различной химической природы. Фосфолипиды являются составной… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • phospholipid — or phospholipide [fäs΄fō lip′īd΄fäs΄fō lip′id] n. [ PHOSPHO + LIPID] any of a group of lipids that contain a phosphate ester as part of the structure and yield on hydrolysis phosphoric acid, an alcohol, fatty acid, and a nitrogenous base: found… …   English World dictionary

  • Phospholipid — Phospholipids are a class of lipids and are a major component of all biological membranes. All phospholipids contain a diglyceride, a phosphate group, and a simple organic molecule such as choline. TOC Amphipathic characterThe head of a… …   Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — /fos foh lip id/, n. Biochem. any of a group of fatty compounds, as lecithin, composed of phosphoric esters, and occurring in living cells. Also called phosphatide, phospholipide /fos foh lip uyd/, phospholipin /fos foh lip in/. [1925 30; PHOSPHO …   Universalium

  • phospholipid — fosfolipidas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Lipidas, kurio sudėtyje yra H₃PO₄ fragmentų. atitikmenys: angl. phospholipid rus. фосфолипид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • phospholipid — noun Date: 1928 any of numerous lipids (as lecithins and phosphatidylethanolamines) in which phosphoric acid as well as a fatty acid is esterified to glycerol and which are found in all living cells and in the bilayers of cell membranes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Phospholipid — Schematische Darstellung eines Phospholipids Phospholipide sind phosphorhaltige, amphiphile Lipide. Sie sind im Organismus als Membranlipide am Aufbau der Doppellipidschicht einer Biomembran beteiligt. Sie setzen sich aus einem hydrophilen Kopf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • phospholipid — The major structural lipid of most cellular membranes (except the chloroplast, which has galactolipids). Contain phosphate, usually as a diester. Examples include phosphatidyl phospholipids, plasmalogens and sphingomyelins …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • phospholipid — A lipid containing phosphorus, thus including the lecithins and other phosphatidyl derivatives, sphingomyelin, and plasmalogens; the basic constituents of biomembranes. * * * phos·pho·lip·id lip əd also phos·pho·lip·ide .īd n any of numerous… …   Medical dictionary

  • Phospholipid — Phọs|pho|li|pid [↑ Phospho u. ↑ Lipid] veraltetes Syn.: Phospholipoid: im weitesten Sinne Sammelbez. für phosphatgruppenhaltige Lipide, im engeren Sinne Bez. für die früher Phosphoglyceride oder Phosphatide genannten, bes. reichlich in… …   Universal-Lexikon

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